ℛ TOP-TIER READING from 224_d1


1
 evh-6RM 100.1
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① People run street food booths around the world for a number of reasons, such as to get an opportunity to open their own business on a budget, to sell food in a lively place, or to promote their own special recipe. ② The advantage of these kinds of small businesses is that they provide opportunities for owners on smaller budgets. ③ At the same time, consumers benefit because of the variety of food that is available. ④ Special Family Recipes. ⑤ In the crowded cities in Vietnam, people usually keep their doors open, so cooking and eating food on the street is natural. ⑥ Street food businesses in Vietnam are usually owned by the family, and recipes are kept in the family. ⑦ These recipes are often handed down from the mother of the family to her children. ⑧ Meals from the Sky. ⑨ Melbourne, Australia has many small buildings and narrow alleys between them. ⑩ This gave rise to a unique restaurant called Jafflechutes, which sells sandwiches by parachute. ⑪ Three young men wanted to sell sandwiches, but they didn't have the money to rent a ground floor space. ⑫ Instead of customers coming up, they thought why not send sandwiches down? ⑬ Customers can pay online, select a time, stand on an 'X' marked outside the building, and wait for the parachute with their name on it. ⑭ Food that Moves. ⑮ In the United States, food trucks have become very popular among workers in large cities. ⑯ Food trucks can move around, and many sell food that originated in other countries like Mexico, China, Brazil, and Turkey. ⑰ For example, one of many recently popular food trucks, called Kogi, sells a mix of BBQ from Korea and food from Mexico. ⑱ Kogi's marketing strategy uses social networking to announce where it will turn up next.



▢ announce: 발표하다, 밝히다 
▢ available: 이용할 수 있는, 이용 가능한 
▢ budget: 예산안, 예산 
▢ originate: 만들어지다, 발생하다 
▢ promote: 홍보하다, 증진하다 
▢ strategy: 전략, 방법 
▢ variety: 다양, (다)품종 

2
 evh-3RM 97.8
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① Every year thousands upon thousands of tons of electronics, from air conditioners to smartphones, are thrown out. ② This adds up to huge amounts of waste which has to be managed, especially for smaller countries like Korea. ③ Is it possible that electronics waste is actually a resource? ④ Like a mine in the ground, many people are beginning to think of electronics waste as "urban mines" because of the amount of gold, silver, copper, plastic, and steel that is waiting to be used again. ⑤ To manufacture electronics products, resources such as gold, silver, copper, glass, plastic, and steel must be mined, purchased, or produced. ⑥ As resources become harder to get, urban mines may become a more economical solution. ⑦ About one ton of rock must be dug up in a mine to get around five grams of gold; however, one ton of mobile phones may contain around 300 grams of gold, in addition to other recoverable materials. ⑧ The potential value of urban mines increases when resources become expensive and waste is not recycled. ⑨ Although electronics waste may be seen from an economic point of view, there is another side to this story: the environmental issue. ⑩ Recycling electronics waste can lower ecological damage from traditional mines and decrease air pollution from transporting materials over long distances. ⑪ Moving forward does not always mean making new things; sometimes looking at an old problem from a new perspective is the simplest solution.



▢ conditioner: 유연제, 냉난방 장치 
▢ ecological: 생태학적, 환경 친화적인 
▢ economical: 경제의, 실속있는 
▢ manufacture: 제조, 생산 
▢ mobile: 움직이는, 활동적인 
▢ perspective: 관점, 시각 
▢ potential: 잠재적인, 가능성 있는 
▢ purchase: 구매하다, 구입하다 
▢ recoverable: 되찾을 수 있는, 회복할 수 있는 
▢ resource: 자원, 자료 

3
 파워유형-1005 97.4
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① With the birth of e-mailing and the increased use of it in the workplace, in schools and at home, it has begun to fill a gap that verbal communication and telephone communication could never fill. ② By nature of the medium electronic mail works in, there is, by default, a natural record of the exchanges between sender and recipient. ③ This has become especially important in our world today, where responsibility has become the more urgent issue when it comes to handling tasks in the workplace. ④ Previously, dependence on verbal agreements or statements made in passing made people liable to innocently being made the accused in any controversial situation. ⑤ However, now with e-mailing, people depend on it more to give instructions and distribute various difficult tasks. ⑥ E-mailing is also of great use in making important promises or contracts which guarantee considerable profits. ⑦ All of these can be documented completely, thanks to the people who invented electronic mail, and people can work with fewer concerns.



▢ accuse: 비난하다, 혐의를 받다 
▢ considerable: 상당한 
▢ contract: 계약서, 계약 
▢ controversial: 논란의, 문제의 
▢ default: 부도, 불이행 
▢ distribute: 나눠주다, 배포하다 
▢ electronic: 전자기기, 전자의 
▢ guarantee: 보장하다, 보증 
▢ innocently: 순진하게 
▢ instructions: 교육, 지시 
▢ liable: 책임 있는, …해야 할 
▢ medium: 중간, (다)매체/매개 
▢ previously: 이전에, 과거에 
▢ profit: 이익, 수익 
▢ recipient: 이식자, 받는 
▢ responsibility: 책임, 의무 
▢ statement: 발표, 말함 
▢ urgent: 긴급한, 급박한 
▢ various: 다양한, 여러가지의 
▢ verbal: 말의, 구두의 

4
 파워유형-1001Practice 66.3
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① At a critical time in my life, when I had lost a job and was going through a period of extreme challenge and trial, I found myself in a cycle of cutting back, letting go, and giving away. ② I cleaned out my closets and donated bags of clothes to the Salvation Army, where soldiers and officers provide aid to the homeless and the poor. ③ I pulled weeds from my garden and lawn, cut my hair shorter, and offered more of my time to work with a nonprofit organization. ④ It was a difficult time for me but a healing one. ⑤ It signaled the end of one season of my life and the beginning of another. ⑥ Those physical actions were just the outer signs of what was taking place within me - clearing out the old and getting rid of the mess. ⑦ Slowly but surely, I created an open space, which allowed wonderful opportunities and needed changes to appear in my life.



▢ aid: 지원, 원조 
▢ critical: 비판적인, 중요한 
▢ homeless: 노숙자, 집 없는 
▢ mess: 엉망, 혼란 
▢ nonprofit: 비영리적인 
▢ organization: 조직, 단체 
▢ salvation: 구제, 구원 
▢ trial: 재판, 실험 

5
 파워유형-1002 64.2
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① It is estimated that ninety percent of the rubies and sapphires on the world market today undergo heat treatment, a permanent process widely accepted by the gem trade. ② Sapphires are so common in Sri Lanka that the lightest, least valuable ones were once used to decorate rock gardens or buried under the posts of village homes for a blessing. ③ These low-quality sapphires, known as gueda, were not suitable for setting into jewelry. ④ But in the 1970s, Thai gem dealers discovered a heat treatment process that transformed the worthless gueda into valuable gems. ⑤ By "cooking" the stones at high temperatures, they performed something almost magical. ⑥ The titanium melted and mixed better with the iron, deepening the blue color of the gueda. ⑦ The Thais then experimented on different colored sapphires and rubies, and learned that a valuable sapphire or ruby could be made even more valuable through a similar process.



▢ deepen: 심화시키다, 깊어지다 
▢ estimate: 추정하다, 예상하다 
▢ experiment: 실험, 시험 
▢ gem: 보석, 보물 
▢ melt: 녹이다, 용해 
▢ permanent: 영구적인, 정규직의 
▢ suitable: 적합한, 적절한 
▢ transform: 바꾸어 놓다, 변화시키다 
▢ undergo: 받다, 겪다 
▢ worthless: 가치 없는, 무의미한 

6
 파워유형-1002전략 62.4
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① It is sometimes argued that the health of a society can be viewed in terms of energy: when energy consumption is greater than energy supply, the society falls apart. ② The Internet, it turns out, may be able to help us in this regard. ③ To see how, consider the significant benefit of switching from traditional mail to e-mail. ④ As recently as a few decades ago, information was stored not in computers but on endless sheets of paper. ⑤ Beyond convenience, it may be that the technological shift from paper to computers is critical to the future. ⑥ Of course, there are energy costs to the thousands of computers that run the Internet. ⑦ But these costs are far less than the forests of trees and lakes of oil that would be sacrificed for the same quantity of information achieved with paper storage.



▢ consider: 고려하다, 생각한다 
▢ consumption: 소비, 소비량 
▢ convenience: 편의, 편리 
▢ critical: 비판적인, 중요한 
▢ quantity: 양, 수량 
▢ shift: 변화, 전환 
▢ significant: 중요한, 의미심장한 
▢ storage: 저장, 보관 
▢ technological: 기술적인 

7
 파워유형-1105 60.2
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① The word "philosopher" comes from the Greek words meaning "love of wisdom. ② "The Western tradition in philosophy spread from Ancient Greece across large parts of the world, influenced by ideas from the East. ③ The kind of wisdom that philosophy values is based on argument, reasoning, and asking questions. ④ Philosophy rejects believing something simply because someone important has claimed it's true. ⑤ Similarly, for Socrates, wisdom was not about knowing facts or possessing skills. ⑥ He believed wisdom required understanding the true nature of our existence. ⑦ Philosophers today are doing more or less what Socrates was doing. ⑧ They are working to answer some of the most important questions we can ask ourselves about the nature of reality and how we should live. ⑨ Unlike Socrates, though, modern philosophers have the benefit of nearly two and a half thousand years of past philosophy to guide them.



▢ argument: 논쟁, 주장 
▢ claim: 주장하다, 요구하다 
▢ existence: 존재, 현존 
▢ possess: 보유하다, 가지다 
▢ reject: 거부하다, 거절하다 

8
 파워유형-1003 55.7
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① In warfare, superior technology often makes the difference between victory and defeat. ② In the well-documented battle between Francisco Pizarro and Atahuallpa, vastly superior technology enabled 168 Spanish soldiers to kill 80,000 Indian soldiers. ③ Pizarro, most of all, had his scouts make use of horses for obtaining military information about the war. ④ In doing so, he had a significant tactical advantage over Atahuallpa because his men swiftly told him everything he needed to know about Atahuallpa's army. ⑤ Pizarro also provided horses for warriors equipped with armor for fighting in order to ensure their mobility. ⑥ Further, Atahuallpa's Indian foot soldiers and their primitive clubs were no match for the powerful Spanish soldiers. ⑦ Thus, although the number pointed heavily to an Indian victory, it was ultimately the Spaniards and their technology who were victorious.



▢ armor: 갑옷, 장갑 
▢ defeat: 패배시키다, 이기다 
▢ equip: 갖추다, 장착하다 
▢ mobility: 움직이기 쉬움, 이동성 
▢ obtain: 얻다, 획득하다 
▢ primitive: 원시의, 원초적인 
▢ significant: 중요한, 의미심장한 
▢ superior: 우수한, 상사 
▢ swiftly: 신속히, 빨리 
▢ tactical: 전술의, 전략적인 
▢ ultimately: 마침내, 결국 
▢ vastly: 광대하게, 막대하게 
▢ victorious: 승리의, 이긴 
▢ warfare: 전쟁, 전투 

9
 파워유형-1004 55.1
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① Throughout much of the Cold War era, television and radio broadcasting was a narrow field, because the technologies available for broadcasting were limited. ② Governments either directly ran most television broadcasting or tightly controlled it. ③ This began to change first in the United States with the introduction of cable television, which could carry many more channels than could be broadcast over the air. ④ Then, in the 1980s, other versions of multichannel television began to spread around the world - thanks largely to the falling cost of satellites. ⑤ There is some irony in this. ⑥ The Cold War drove both the Soviet Union and America to put smaller and smaller, stronger and stronger, and cheaper and cheaper satellites into space in order to spy on each other. ⑦ That same technology, though, made it possible for television signals to be broadcast cheaply.



▢ available: 이용할 수 있는, 이용 가능한 
▢ era: 시대, 시절 
▢ introduction: 도입, 소개 
▢ irony: 반어법, 풍자 
▢ multichannel: 다중 통화의, 다중 채널의 

10
 파워유형-1001 55.0
😼 주제 모냐옹?


① If you have room for a deck or patio garden, planting one might not only make your grocery shopping easier, but also add a great deal of satisfaction to your life. ② For example, I know a couple who decided some years ago they'd rather spend time on their deck tending their plants than running to the market every time they need a tomato. ③ They get a large amount of satisfaction from being the source of much of the produce that goes on their table. ④ What little work they do to tend this simple garden gives them a lot of enjoyment, and they love the feeling of being in touch with nature. ⑤ Also, they've made a point of involving their teenage son in their gardening routine. ⑥ Not only has he been a big help to them, but he has developed an appreciation for plants and nature he might not otherwise have had. ⑦ They've come to treasure the chance to work together as a family at an activity they all enjoy.



▢ appreciation: 이해, 상승 
▢ involve: 관련되다, 참여하다 
▢ patio: 안뜰, 베란다 
▢ satisfaction: 만족, 충족 

Copyright © 2022 블루티쳐 영어학원
블루티쳐학원 | 등록번호: 762-94-00693 | 중고등 영어 | 수강료: 30(중등), 33(고등), 3+4(특강) | 삼육고 | 삼육중 | 동화고 | 인창고 | 구리고 | 동구중 | 빅데이터교재 | 수능내신 | 구리시인창동 | 메가스터디강사 | 김영편입교수 | 메가북스저자 | 예스영문법저자 | 한국외대 TESOL