ℛ TOP-TIER READING from 224_sm2

 타파2-704 84.2
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① For a long time, there has been a lot of pressure on women to be thin. ② We all have seen some typical images, in which models have been photoshopped to appear extremely skinny. ③ One research shows that women compare themselves with those images. ④ This comparison can lead them to develop a poor self-image. ⑤ In turn, this can increase their risk of developing an eating disorder. ⑥ Modified images can have a huge negative impact on women and even children. ⑦ For this reason, some governments have legislated laws on modified images. ⑧ For example, laws are being passed, like the "Photoshop Law" which requires models to have a minimum BMI and advertisers to label retouched images. ⑨ When a model's image is modified to make her smaller, that fact must be stated. ⑩ Governments and industries must work together to help protect women's self-confidence and health. ⑪ The fashion media and advertising industries need to show healthy images of women. ⑫ It will take a long time for this change to occur, but the effort is surely worth it.

▢ advertise: 광고하다, 홍보하다 
▢ advertiser: 광고자, 광고인 
▢ appear: 나타나다, …처럼 보이다 
▢ change: 변화, 바꾸다 
▢ compare: 비교하다, 비유하다 
▢ comparison: 비교 
▢ confidence: 자신감, 신뢰 
▢ develop: 개발하다, 발전하다 
▢ disorder: 장애, 질환 
▢ effort: 노력, 작업 
▢ extremely: 매우, 극도로 
▢ government: 정부, 부 
▢ health: 건강, 보건 
▢ healthy: 건강한, 건강에 좋은 
▢ huge: 큰, 거대한 
▢ impact: 영향, 충격 
▢ increase: 증가하다, 늘리다 
▢ industry: 산업, 업계 
▢ label: 상표/표시, ~라고 부르다 
▢ law: 법, 법률 
▢ laws: 법, 법안 
▢ legislate: 법률을 제정하다 
▢ medium: 중간, (다)매체/매개 
▢ minimum: 최소, 최저 
▢ modify: 변경하다, 변형하다 
▢ negative: 부정의, 음성의 
▢ occur: 발생하다, 일어나다 
▢ photoshopped: 사진을 변형하다. 
▢ pressure: 압력, 압박 
▢ protect: 보호하다, 지키다 
▢ reason: 이유, 원인 
▢ require: 필요하다, 요구하다 
▢ research: 연구, 조사 
▢ retouch: 수정하다, 가필 
▢ risk: 위험, 위기 
▢ self: 자기, 자아 
▢ skinny: 마른, 깡마른 
▢ state: 국가, 상태 
▢ surely: 분명히, 확실히 
▢ take: (시간)이 걸리다, 가지다 
▢ typical: 전형적인, 일반적인 
▢ worth: 가치있는, …할 만한 

 타파2-703 79.3
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① It is said that about 80% of Korean teens have work experience. ② But unfortunately, many teens are treated unfairly at their workplace. ③ In addition, they are far more likely than adults to be injured at work, even though they work fewer hours and are prohibited by law from working in high-risk jobs. ④ What's worse is that too many teens don't even know about their rights in the workplace. ⑤ Here's what teens have to remember before getting a part-time job. ⑥ In Korea, teens who are 15 years old or over are allowed to work. ⑦ If you are younger, you have to get a permit from the Ministry of Labor. ⑧ If you're paid less than the minimum wage, ask the employer to pay you more. ⑨ Also, teens' working hours are seven hours a day. ⑩ However, if you wish to work more, it is possible to work one more hour per day. ⑪ When you do, you should be paid for any overtime work. ⑫ And be sure to sign a contract before starting a new job. ⑬ If anything unfair happens at your workplace, just call the Ministry of Labor and get some help.

▢ addition: 추가, 덧셈 
▢ adult: 성인용의, 성인 
▢ allow: …할 수 있게 하다, 허용하다 
▢ contract: 계약서, 계약 
▢ employer: 고용주, 회사 
▢ experience: 경험, 체험 
▢ fewer: 보다 소수의, 더 적은 
▢ injure: 부상을 입히다, 상처를 입히다 
▢ labor: 노동, 근로 
▢ law: 법, 법률 
▢ likely: 가능성 있는, 아마 
▢ minimum: 최소, 최저 
▢ ministry: 정부의 부서, 장관의 직무 
▢ overtime: 초과 근무, 시간 외의 
▢ pay: 지불하다, 지급하다 
▢ permit: 허용하다, 허가하다 
▢ possible: 가능한, 할 수 있는 
▢ prohibit: 금지하다, 막다 
▢ remember: 기억하다, 생각하다 
▢ right: (다)권리/올바른, 오른쪽 
▢ risk: 위험, 위기 
▢ though: 비록 …일지라도, (다)그러나 
▢ treat: 치료하다, (다)처리하다/대우하다 
▢ unfair: 부당한, 불공정한 
▢ unfairly: 불공평하게, 부정하게 
▢ unfortunately: 불행하게도, 안타깝게도 
▢ wage: 임금, 급여 
▢ wish: 바라다, 소원 
▢ workplace: 직장, 일터 
▢ worse: 더 나쁜, 악화되어 있는 

 타파2-701 73.7
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① In 2016, Haenyeo, female divers on Jejudo, had a reason to celebrate. ② They were listed as Korea's 19th intangible cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO. ③ Haenyeo are women who dive deep into the sea with no scuba gear. ④ They can hold their breath for two or three minutes, and sometimes even ten. ⑤ Their job is to collect various sea creatures. ⑥ They once were supporting the family and risked their lives to make ends meet. ⑦ According to the Cultural Heritage Administration, the Haenyeo culture respects the ocean and represents the cultural identity of the island where people in the past heavily relied on the sea to survive. ⑧ Haenyeo use a unique and eco-friendly way of harvesting, which protects the marine environment. ⑨ Also, they have passed down diving know-how to younger generations. ⑩ This helped Haenyeo to be listed as a UNESCO cultural heritage.

▢ administration: 정부, 행정 
▢ breath: 숨, 호흡 
▢ celebrate: 기념하다, 축하하다 
▢ collect: 수집하다, 모으다 
▢ creature: 생물, 생명체 
▢ cultural: 문화의, 교양의 
▢ culture: 문화, 배양 
▢ divers: 몇 개의, 여러 가지의 
▢ environment: 환경, 상황 
▢ female: 여성의, 여자의 
▢ friendly: 친화적인, 우호적인 
▢ gear: 준비하다, 장비 
▢ generation: 세대, 시대 
▢ harvest: 수확, 추수 
▢ heritage: 유산, 혈통 
▢ hold: 보유하다, (다)개최하다 
▢ humanity: 인류, 인간성 
▢ identity: 정체성, 자신 
▢ intangible: 무형의, 만질 수 없는 
▢ marine: 해양의, 해운의 
▢ protect: 보호하다, 지키다 
▢ reason: 이유, 원인 
▢ rely: 의존하다, 의지하다 
▢ represent: 대표하다, 나타내다 
▢ respect: 존중, 존경하다 
▢ risk: 위험, 위기 
▢ support: 지원하다, 지지하다 
▢ survive: 살아남다, 생존하다 
▢ unique: 독특한, 특별한 
▢ various: 다양한, 여러가지의 

 타파2-803 52.6
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① More and more people are using social networks in their daily life. ② Using social networks is how you can easily find out personal things about other people. ③ You can not only read about them, but also see their pictures. ④ However, there's also a downside to this activity. ⑤ According to some research, people who spend too much time on social networks often get depressed. ⑥ So what is the reason why they feel depressed? ⑦ It means that they feel less satisfied with their own life. ⑧ When people were asked about this, most of them said they felt "envy" at others' posts. ⑨ They kept comparing their lives with others, and believed that other people were living happier lives. ⑩ Now let's find out how you can prevent those negative feelings. ⑪ First, don't draw conclusions about other people from the web. ⑫ Be sure to step away from your computer and get the full story about the other person. ⑬ You can also try to meet the people in real life. ⑭ When you are actually with others, you'll recognize that all of them live a normal life just like yours.

▢ activity: 활동, 활성 
▢ compare: 비교하다, 비유하다 
▢ conclusion: 결론, 타결 
▢ daily: 매일의, 일상적인 
▢ depress: 우울하다, 침체된 
▢ downside: 아래쪽의, 아래쪽 
▢ draw: 그리다, (다)끌다 
▢ envy: 부러워하다, 질투하다 
▢ negative: 부정의, 음성의 
▢ normal: 일반적인, 보통의 
▢ own: 자신의, (다)소유하다 
▢ personal: 개인의, 자신의 
▢ prevent: 막다, (다)예방하다 
▢ reason: 이유, 원인 
▢ recognize: 인식하다, 인정하다 
▢ research: 연구, 조사 
▢ satisfy: 만족시키다, 충족시키다 
▢ social: 사회의, 사교적인 
▢ spend: 보내다, 쓰다 

 타파2-804 47.4
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① There was a time when most societies were dominated by men. ② Men still hold most of the power in family and public life. ③ For example, it was only a short time ago when women could not vote in most Western countries. ④ Also, in many developing countries, women are still not equal to men. ⑤ However, the Minangkabau tribes, who live in the highlands of West Sumatra in Indonesia, have another way of running things. ⑥ This is a society where women have traditionally held a lot of power. ⑦ Most importantly, the oldest woman in the family is usually the head of the household. ⑧ She controls the family's money and possessions. ⑨ After she dies, her money and land are passed on to her daughter. ⑩ But the Minangkabau society is not exactly the opposite of a traditional society. ⑪ That's because women do not completely control society. ⑫ Minangkabau men can't own land, but still have important roles to play. ⑬ They usually take care of most of the religious and political affairs.

▢ affairs: 일/사건, 행사 
▢ care: 보살피다, 마음쓰다 
▢ completely: 완전히, 완벽하게 
▢ control: 제어하다, 통제하다 
▢ develop: 개발하다, 발전하다 
▢ dominate: …을 지배하다, 주도하다 
▢ equal: 평등한, 동등한 
▢ highlands: 산악 지방 
▢ hold: 보유하다, (다)개최하다 
▢ household: 가구, 가정의 
▢ important: 중요한, 주요한 
▢ importantly: 중요하게, 거드름 피우며 
▢ opposite: 정반대의, 상대 
▢ own: 자신의, (다)소유하다 
▢ political: 정치의, 정당의 
▢ possession: 소유, 재산 
▢ public: 공공의, 국민 
▢ religious: 종교의, 신앙의 
▢ role: 역할, 배역 
▢ society: 사회, 집단 
▢ still: 여전히, (다)정지한/잠잠히/그러나 
▢ take: (시간)이 걸리다, 가지다 
▢ traditional: 전통적인, 구식의 
▢ traditionally: 전통적으로, 예전부터 
▢ tribe: 부족, 집단 
▢ vote: 투표, 표 

 타파2-801 46.4
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① Min: Today, I said Mom, "Mom, I was so men-boong today." ② But, my mom didn't understand the word "men-boong." ③ It means that feeling shocked to the point of mental collapse. ④ Even she warned me that I should not use that kind of words. ⑤ I have no idea why my mom keeps me from saying those words. ⑥ Most of my friends use the words such as men-boong, no-jem, and so on. ⑦ I think we are facing a generation gap. ⑧ Please let me know how I can solve this problem. ⑨ Teacher: Communication plays an important role in bridging gaps not only between parents and children but also in every relationship. ⑩ In addition, we should try to understand each other's world. ⑪ We have to accept that we live in a different world where we cannot understand each other. ⑫ You have to make the effort to understand and accept your mother's perspectives and priorities.

▢ accept: 받아들이다, 수용하다 
▢ addition: 추가, 덧셈 
▢ collapse: 붕괴하다, 무너지다 
▢ communication: 통신, 소통 
▢ effort: 노력, 작업 
▢ gap: 간격, 차이 
▢ generation: 세대, 시대 
▢ important: 중요한, 주요한 
▢ keep: 유지하다, (다)막다 
▢ mental: 정신의, 지적인 
▢ perspective: 관점, 시각 
▢ point: 요점, 지적하다 
▢ priority: 우선, 중요 
▢ relationship: 연애관계, 관계 
▢ role: 역할, 배역 
▢ shock: 충격, 놀라게 하다 
▢ warn: 경고하다, 주의하다 

 m2vk-702 39.1
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① Look at this painting first. ② The seaside landscape is so peaceful and beautiful, isn't it? ③ The title of this painting is Landscape with the Fall of Icarus. ④ So, can you see where Icarus is? ⑤ Do you see two legs that are sticking out of the water near the ship? ⑥ This is Icarus in the famous myth in Greece. ⑦ In the myth, Icarus' father made wings for him with feathers and wax and told him to stay away from the sun. ⑧ However, Icarus didn't listen. ⑨ He flew too close to the sun. ⑩ So, the wax melted and he fell into the water. ⑪ Now, look at the entire painting again. ⑫ Despite the tragedy of Icarus, people are going on with their everyday activities. ⑬ Does the painting still look peaceful? ⑭ What do you think the artist is trying to tell us?

▢ activity: 활동, 활성 
▢ despite: 불구하고 
▢ entire: 전체의, 내내 
▢ landscape: 경관, 풍경 
▢ melt: 녹이다, 용해 
▢ myth: 신화, 미신 
▢ peaceful: 평화적인, 평화로운 
▢ stay: 머무르다, 유지하다 
▢ stick: 막대기, 붙다 
▢ still: 여전히, (다)정지한/잠잠히/그러나 
▢ title: 제목, 우승 
▢ tragedy: 비극, 참사 

 타파2-702 36.8
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① A cashless society is coming. ② Scandinavians use cash for no more than 6% of all payments they make. ③ In Denmark, the government has proposed that stores throw their cash registers away. ④ In Korea, you can even use a credit card to buy newspapers that homeless people sell. ⑤ One of the reasons why cash is disappearing is the wide use of credit cards, but there's another. ⑥ These days, many people carry digital wallets. ⑦ A digital wallet turns smartphones into electronic wallets by using a mobile payment system. ⑧ Customers can make payments at stores or online with their smartphones. ⑨ A Bank of Korea report said that 41.8% of Koreans in their 30s use a mobile payment method. ⑩ Koreans are also welcoming a cashless society. ⑪ Do you still use cash? ⑫ Then how about buying something with your smartphone? ⑬ Cash is quickly becoming a thing of the past.

▢ carry: 휴대하다, 운반하다 
▢ cash: 현금, 돈 
▢ cashless: 현금이 없는, 현금이 불필요한 
▢ credit: 신용, 학점 
▢ customer: 고객, 소비자 
▢ digital: 전자제품의, 계수형의 
▢ disappear: 사라지다, 없어지다 
▢ electronic: 전자기기, 전자의 
▢ government: 정부, 부 
▢ homeless: 노숙자, 집 없는 
▢ method: 방법, 방식 
▢ mobile: 움직이는, 활동적인 
▢ payment: 지불, 지급 
▢ propose: 제안하다, 제시하다 
▢ reason: 이유, 원인 
▢ register: 등록하다, 기록하다 
▢ report: 보고, 보고서 
▢ society: 사회, 집단 
▢ still: 여전히, (다)정지한/잠잠히/그러나 

 타파2-604 35.7
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① How did we get the modern alphabet? ② It took thousands of years, and as much effort as any other invention. ③ The first people to write things down carved symbols onto rocks or shells. ④ These symbols usually represented people or things. ⑤ For instance, a drawing of a person might mean a person. ⑥ People who lived a long time ago led simple lives. ⑦ They used very easy symbols because they used them only to express their simple needs. ⑧ One of the most basic needs was food. ⑨ To tell each other about how to hunt animals or where to find food, people drew on cave walls. ⑩ Soon, people could grow their own food. ⑪ So, they needed to use more symbols for more than just people, places, and things. ⑫ Making symbols for everything got harder and harder as time passed. ⑬ So, many people started to feel the need to invent a set of letters, an alphabet. ⑭ Egyptians tried to make one and did it. ⑮ And it became common in Egypt. ⑯ There are many historical sites in Egypt. ⑰ Other countries that traded with or fought against Egypt knew this alphabet, and it was spread.

▢ against: …에 대한, 반대로 
▢ carve: 조각하다, 차지하다 
▢ cave: 동굴, …에 굴을 파다 
▢ draw: 그리다, (다)끌다 
▢ effort: 노력, 작업 
▢ express: 표현하다, 나타내다 
▢ historical: 역사의, 전통적인 
▢ instance: 예, 사례 
▢ invent: 발명하다, 개발하다 
▢ invention: 발명, 발명품 
▢ modern: 현대의, 근대의 
▢ own: 자신의, (다)소유하다 
▢ represent: 대표하다, 나타내다 
▢ shell: 껍질, 조개 
▢ simple: 간단한, 단순한 
▢ spread: (spread-spread-spread) 확산되다, 퍼지다 
▢ symbol: 상징, 기호 
▢ trade: 무역, 거래 

 타파2-802 35.4
😼 주제 모냐옹?

① Do you know the reason why slaves were such an important part of ancient Rome? ② They were around 25% of the population of ancient Rome. ③ Most had to do a lot of hard and tiring work because Rome was a slave-based society. ④ In the countryside, for instance, slaves did most of the work on farms. ⑤ They produced the food for everyone in the cities. ⑥ Some slaves worked on big public projects, too. ⑦ They helped build roads and big public buildings. ⑧ But slaves didn't just do hard physical work. ⑨ Some also did business and government work. ⑩ They ran shops, kept accounts, and did paperwork. ⑪ Some slaves even studied very hard and knew a lot about history, economics, math and science. ⑫ Slave owners usually treated these educated slaves very well.

▢ account: 계좌/회계, (다)설명하다/차지하다/말/보고 
▢ ancient: 고대의, 오래된 
▢ base: 기반, 기초 
▢ business: 기업, 사업 
▢ countryside: 시골, 지방 
▢ economics: 경제학 
▢ educate: 교육하다, 가르치다 
▢ government: 정부, 부 
▢ important: 중요한, 주요한 
▢ instance: 예, 사례 
▢ math: 수학, 계산 
▢ owner: 주인, 소유자 
▢ paperwork: 서류 정리 등의 일, 사무 처리 
▢ physical: 물리의, 신체의 
▢ population: 인구, 사람들 
▢ produce: 생산하다, 만들다 
▢ project: 계획(하다), 투영하다 
▢ public: 공공의, 국민 
▢ reason: 이유, 원인 
▢ slave: 노예 제도의, 노예 
▢ society: 사회, 집단 
▢ tire: 피곤하게 하다, 지치다 
▢ treat: 치료하다, (다)처리하다/대우하다 

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