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The biggest accident in Japan is often considered to be the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, which occurred on March 11, 2011. This disaster was triggered by the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, a massive 9.0 magnitude earthquake that generated a devastating tsunami along the eastern coast of Japan. The earthquake and tsunami together resulted in widespread destruction, causing the death of over 15,000 people and displacing hundreds of thousands more.
The tsunami caused damage to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, resulting in equipment failures, nuclear meltdowns, and releases of radioactive materials. This became the worst nuclear accident since the 1986 Chernobyl disaster and led to significant concerns about nuclear safety worldwide. The disaster prompted Japan to reevaluate its nuclear energy policies and spurred debate over the safety and future of nuclear power globally.